According to the docs, you have 5 adapter options;
Since options 3 and 4 are deprecated and option 1 is reccomended only for development, you're left with Files and Session. Both are fine, but I'd choose Files due to not always wanting sessions active in my application - so it seems what's best to use in your existing set-up/use case.
That is just a backwards compatible library and "there is no appreciable difference" and "this layer calls the same internal (to apc) functions that APCu does", so there's no point as you'd still be calling the same thing that Phalcon\Mvc\Model\MetaData\Apc is calling, thus still deprecated.
But to answer your question directory, no, I don't think so.
Note: I've never used APC so I could be 100% wrong though.